Fact or Fiction? Did the US Government have a plan for a secret Miltary base on the moon? Actually, according to declassified military documents, its a fact. And the project was called Horizon.
The documentation for Project Horizon was declassified and can be found on the U.S National Security Archive website. The plans included a Lunar Base and a Lunar Earth Bombardment System.
There is a requirement for a manned military outpost on the moon. The lunar outpost is: required to develop and protect potential United States interests on the moon; to develop techniques in moon-based surveillance of the earth and space , in communications relay, and in operations on the surface of the moon; to serve as a base for exploration of the moon,
for further exploitation into space and for military operations on the moon if required; and to support scientific investigations on the moon.
Arthur G. Thudeau.
Chief of Research and Development
Over a 100 pages long, the documents were written in 1959 and were fueled by the cold war. The thought of being second to a Soviet Moon Base was considered potentially disastrous to US prestige and worse, the Soviets could have potentially claimed the Moon for themselves. It was critical for the US to demonstrate its leadership in space and prevent the Soviets from securing such a strategic advantage.
The document was divided into two volumes, the first is a summary of the considerations, while the second covers the technical aspects and planning.
The documents go into great detail on the specific requirements for the project and the Armies complete commitment to the project. Space Transportation, Communication Electronics, the launch site, program logistics and the construction of the base camp were all examined. It was anticipated that the first operational lunar base would be up and running from 1966 to 1967, with the first two men arriving in 1965.
The documents are available on the National Security Archive and read like a great B grade sci-fi novel.